Gingivitis is a medical term for inflammation of the gingiva (gums). It is a mild form of gum disease that usually causes redness, swelling and bleeding of the gum tissue, especially when brushing or flossing or biting something hard, such as an apple. It is important to take it seriously and treat it immediately. Gingivitis is treatable in the early stages, so it’s important to talk to your dentist and understand your symptoms before they develop into different problems.
WHAT IS THE CAUSE OF GINGIVITIS?
The main cause of gingivitis is the accumulation of plaque, layers of bacteria that constantly form around the teeth, on them and between them, especially in hard-to-reach places. These bacteria irritate the gums and can cause inflammation. In addition, small cracks or "pockets" form between the gums and teeth. If the problem is not treated, these pockets may deepen and develop into more serious problems such as sensitive teeth and periodontitis. Smokers' gums are also more susceptible to infections because smoking and tobacco use reduce the flow of blood and nutrients to the gum tissue.
Proper oral hygiene reduces the risk of gingivitis. This includes two minutes of brushing your teeth twice a day with toothpaste. Everyone wants healthy and beautiful teeth, for a beautiful smile, so regular and thorough oral hygiene is extremely important, and we help ourselves by choosing quality products.
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